The first buildings are being erected and the first inhabitants are expected by the end of the year. An integral part of TCO's precocity - the only one of its kind in Overseas France - l’écoquartier Coeur de ville prefigures a new way of conceiving and building the city in a radically sustainable, participative approach focused on the needs of the inhabitants, health and well-being. A future city centre with a human, green, smart and environmentally friendly dimensionThe project is based on a number of digital innovations. A "short-distance" city where shops and facilities are ideally located to favour soft modes of transport. Guided tour of the city of tomorrow, a project initiated by the municipality and built by Semader.
A GARDEN CITY CENTER
Parallel to the constructions, the first trees were planted,
Vegetation is an integral part of the project: 1/3 of the total area is dedicated to nature with the planting of 80,000 plants (trees, lianas, palms, shrubs) to create the first garden city centre on the island: The remarkable trees already present have been preserved and the emphasis placed on local flora: 100 native and endemic species will be spread over the ZAC and in particular along the future tropical pedestrian mall that crosses the district.
As a source of well-being, nature also brings comfort by lowering the temperature by an average of 3%.
SHARED GARDENS AND URBAN FARM
They are an integral part of the neighbourhood, the eco-neighbourhood will include several hared gardens open to all to learn how to cultivate the land and provide organic and free vegetables to the population. The result: a saving estimated at an average of 1200 euros per year for a family. A source of health but also a source of social ties. The city is going even further by planning to install the island's first urban farm A market gardener will come to settle in the heart of the district. Discussions are underway with the DAAF and the Chamber of Agriculture. All the more reason not to take your car and to eat a little better every day.
THE FIRST "SMART CITY" OVERSEAS
Several digital innovations will contribute to making the city more efficient: sensors optimize waste collection by indicating when the bins are full (no unnecessary collection), implementation of an intelligent electrical network, installation in each home of a system to monitor its water and electricity consumption directly.
THE PEOPLE HAVE THE SPEAK
This is one of the great novelties of the project, which is intended to be evolutionary and shared. Not everything is written down and the first inhabitants have already been consulted to give names to the streets, starting with the big tropical mall, the pedestrian path that crosses the district. Nearly 50 proposals have been made on Facebook and the city's website. Same freedom concerning the choice of street furniture or the destination of several spaces. It is up to the inhabitant to choose how he or she wishes to appropriate the new public spaces and facilities that he or she wishes to see emerge. A questionnaire was carried out with requests for a church (the town hall is considering a "multi-cultural" centre), an ashram, a yoga centre, etc. They are currently being studied.
THE CITY OF "SHORT DISTANCE"
To give priority to soft modes of transport, more space is given to bicycles, public transport (TCSP) and pedestrians with wide avenues and pedestrian squares.
The development has also been designed to make shops and public facilities close to the homes, but also all the necessary services available within the district and thus avoid having to take one's car. It is the city of " short-distance ". The car parks are semi-buried and to develop i electric, rechargeable solar terminals will be installed. The city is also studying with the TCO the possibility of creating a self-service or self-sharing electric car system.
The city of tomorrow
HOUSING AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Sustainable development is of course at the heart of the project. Photovoltaic panels will appear on the roofs on the principle of self-consumption : what is produced is consumed in the neighborhood.. BioclimaticIn addition, the constructions also give a large part to openings to naturally refresh the dwellings. The lighting is optimised and energy-efficient (LED).
A total of 1,700 dwellings must be built (5 tranches) by 2025 to house 5,000 inhabitants. No less than 60% will be social from so-called very social housing (LLTS) to home ownership. There will be the same diversity on the private side with collective housing, small collective housing, bunk houses and open lots to be built. No partitioning: within each block the housing is mixed between social and private. No barriers. No " social marker ".
AN ECONOMIC LUNG
The neighbourhood's ambition is to become the future business centre and economic hub of the West. No less than 6 000 m2 of shops are planned - approximately 30 commercial spaces - and 5,000 m2 of offices. Priority is given to local shops, only an average food surface is planned in the project.
EQUIPMENT FOR EVERYONE
Future downtown of La PossessionThe district will house the future town hall and many public facilities crèches and micro-crèches, schools, a sports centre, but also a cultural centre, parks and playgrounds for children... Two big places the largest of which will be 7,500 m2 and will host shows and street entertainment. Residences for the elderly are located next to schools as well as establishments for the handicapped, particularly for autistic children (Saint-François d'Assises association).
A GREEN WORKSITE
No less than 5% of the works contract is reserved in terms of insertion hours for a total amount of 17 million euros, mainly for the development of the ZAC. In total, with a budget of 450 million euros, the project generates 400 jobs annually. The % of the excavated material is reused to make gabions.